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Zmapp5 By now, the entire planet has been alerted to the devastating rampage of the most rampant and lethal outbreak of Ebola in history. The virus is predominantly focused in West Africa: Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Nigeria. Stunningly, the deadly virus has begun to stretch its bloody fingers into other nations including England, and now within a handful of cases, the United States.

First discovered in a region around the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) in 1976, the virus has erupted many times in the past 38 years. Check the CDC's Outbreaks Chronology: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever for a complete timeline. 

The current health crisis is the most widespread and rampant occurrence of the deadly virus that has ever occurred. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) there have been over 3060 suspected cases and 1550 deaths (as reported August 31, 2014). WHO has declared the outbreak an international health emergency. In fact, WHO just stated that the number of cases could reach 20,000! Read It was already the worst Ebola outbreak in history. Now it’s moving into Africa’s cities.(Something to consider, we can never know how many cases that go unreported...Read WHO Warns of "Shadow Zones" and Unreported Ebola Cases).

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According to the International Health Regulations (IHR), an 'international health emergency' is one that is "an extraordinary event which is determined, as provided in these Regulations:

Zmapp3 Ebola - What is it and Why is it so Scary?

Start with an overview about the virus. Watch the BBC's In 60 seconds: What is Ebola? Next read Ebola virus explained: What is it, what are the symptoms and are there any cures? from The Independent (there is also a video clip to watch). CNN is another excellent site to visit to learn about the Ebola virus: Nine things to know about the killer disease.

For a deeper investigation into this virus, click through the 17 Things You Didn’t Know About The Ebola Virus (from AFK Travel).

 No Cure Yet... But How about an Experimental Vaccine?Zmapp4

Two American missionary workers infected with Ebola were given an experimental drug called ZMapp. Both Dr. Kent Brantly and Nancy Writebol, after returning to the U.S., elected to take this as yet untested drug while at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta. This drug appears to have saved their lives. Developed by a San Diego firm, this drug had never been tried before on humans, however it had shown positive results in minor experiments with monkeys.

Consider for a moment the implications of this scenario. Taking an experimental drug that has not even been tested on humans as yet. There are no prior cases to compare and the only results come from a small group of monkeys in a little known lab in California. This is certainly a life-altering decision to make.

Zmapp2 Finding a Cure

Knowing that any drug taken at this point to ease the symptoms of ebola are 'experimental' at some level, this leads into a very serious and lively debate about the ethics of human testing and vaccines. The experimental drugs are both exciting and foreboding in the same small dose. The promise of relief from the painful effects of ebola, yet what harmful effects might appear immediately or later on? And then the question remains, should the medical community have full access to studying each victim's response to the medicine? These are questions that can not easily be answered.

Browse the following articles; each discusses a fascinating scenario or presents a unique perspective.

The towns within the Western Africa regions experiencing the Ebola epidemic exist in a state of panic and paranoia. The world watches in fear; anticipating when the dreaded virus might touch their own neck of the woods.